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Epidemiology of elevated blood pressure in youth and its utility for predicting adulthood outcomes: A review


Kelly, RK and Magnussen, CG, Epidemiology of elevated blood pressure in youth and its utility for predicting adulthood outcomes: A review, World Journal of Hypertension, 4, (4) pp. 29-36. ISSN 2220-3168 (2014) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Licenced under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0)license

DOI: doi:10.5494/wjh.v4.i4.29


Elevated blood pressure has been demonstrated to track from youth to adulthood and some have demonstrated an association between early-life blood pressure and subsequent atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. In addition, reports regarding the strength of tracking are inconsistent and the modifiable risk factors that affect the trajectory of blood pressure from youth to adulthood remain unclear. This paper comprehensively evaluated the existing classifications of youth hypertension and the current trends of youth hypertension. Further, evidence for the consequences of hypertension in youth has been comprehensively evaluated. Importantly, a review of the studies examining tracking from youth to adulthood has been performed and a number of studies investigating the factors affecting tracking has also been investigated. The overall consideration of this body of literature highlights the vital importance of identifying hypertension in youth to prevent complications in adulthood. Adiposity is regarded to be a factor affecting the progression of hypertension from youth to adulthood yet there is little evidence available for other modifiable factors. It is apparent that further research is necessary within this field in order to create effective preventative strategies to target youth hypertension.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Pediatric; Children; Blood pressure; Hypertension; Epidemiology; Atherosclerosis
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Kelly, RK (Dr Rebecca Kelly)
UTAS Author:Magnussen, CG (Associate Professor Costan Magnussen)
ID Code:97113
Year Published:2014
Funding Support:National Health and Medical Research Council (1037559)
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2014-12-03
Last Modified:2015-06-10
Downloads:319 View Download Statistics

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