Scott, D and Ebeling, PR and Sanders, KM and Aitken, D and Winzenberg, T and Jones, G, Vitamin D and physical activity status: Associations with five-year changes in body composition and muscle function in community-dwelling older adults, Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 100, (2) pp. 670-678. ISSN 1945-7197 (2015) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2015 by the Endocrine Society
Objective: To investigate the interaction of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and PA status in maintenance of body composition and muscle function in older adults.
Design and Setting: A five-year prospective population-based study of Australian community-dwelling older adults.
Participants: 615 community-dwelling volunteers aged ≥ 50 years (61.4 ± 6.9 [mean ± SD] years; 48% female) randomly selected from electoral rolls and categorised according to baseline serum 25OHD (≥ or < 50nmol/L) and PA (≥ or < 10,000 pedometer-determined steps/day) levels as: high 25OHD and high PA (VitD+PA+); high 25OHD and low PA (VitD+PA-); low 25OHD and high PA (VitD-PA+); low 25OHD and low PA (VitD-PA-). A subset of 518 participants completed accelerometer assessments during follow-up.
Main Outcome Measures: Changes in DXA-assessed body composition and lower-limb muscle function.
Results: VitD+PA+ had significantly smaller increases in body fat over five years compared to other groups (all PP < 0.05). Higher baseline pedometer-determined PA resulted in declines in total body fat (β = -0.23kg per 100 steps/day, P = 0.001) over five years for participants with high 25OHD, but not those with low 25OHD (P > 0.05). Amongst participants with accelerometer data, these associations were generally mediated by higher levels of moderate/vigorous PA.
Conclusions: High vitamin D status appears to enhance PA-related declines in body fat during ageing but the mechanism may be greater amounts of outdoor moderate/vigorous PA rather than a direct effect of 25OHD.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Clinical Sciences|
|Research Field:||Rheumatology and Arthritis|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Skeletal System and Disorders (incl. Arthritis)|
|UTAS Author:||Aitken, D (Associate Professor Dawn Aitken)|
|UTAS Author:||Winzenberg, T (Professor Tania Winzenberg)|
|UTAS Author:||Jones, G (Professor Graeme Jones)|
|Year Published:||2015 (online first 2014)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||18|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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