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Development and application of molecular methods (PCR) for detection of Tasmanian Atlantic salmon reovirus

Citation

Zainathan, SC and Carlile, G and Carson, J and McColl, KA and Crane, MStJ and Williams, LM and Hoad, J and Moody, NJG and Aiken, HM and Browning, GF and Nowak, BF, Development and application of molecular methods (PCR) for detection of Tasmanian Atlantic salmon reovirus, Journal of Fish Diseases, 38, (8) pp. 739-754. ISSN 0140-7775 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

DOI: doi:10.1111/jfd.12291

Abstract

Molecular (PCR) diagnostic tests for the detection and identification of aquareovirus in general, and Tasmanian Atlantic salmon reovirus (TSRV) specifically, were developed, and their diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were determined and compared with virus isolation in cell culture. Intralaboratory and interlaboratory comparison of PCR (conventional hemi-nested RT-PCR & RTqPCR) and virus isolation in cell culture using finfish cell lines, CHSE-214 and EPC, was carried out for the detection and identification of TSRV using field samples of farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar, L. from various aquaculture sites around Tasmania. The interlaboratory comparison of diagnostic methods was carried out between two laboratories, AAHL-CSIRO and DPIPWE Tasmania. A total of 144 fish from nine sites (1233 fish per site) were sampled from two regions of Tasmania (Tamar River estuary in the north and Huon River estuary in the south-east) during late spring to early summer of 2009, and the data were analysed using different statistical approaches. The prevalence of TSRV ranged from 6% to 22% in both regions. All the diagnostic methods (data from both laboratories) had high specificity, while the estimated sensitivity varied between tests with RT-qPCR being the most sensitive (95.2%) method followed by virus isolation and then conventional hemi-nested RT-PCR.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:diagnosis, RT-PCR, RT-qPCR, Salmo salar L., Tasmania, Tasmanian Atlantic salmon reovirus
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Aquaculture
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Aquaculture
Objective Field:Aquaculture Fin Fish (excl. Tuna)
Author:Zainathan, SC (Ms Sandra Zainathan)
Author:Nowak, BF (Professor Barbara Nowak)
ID Code:96881
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-11-25
Last Modified:2017-11-04
Downloads:0

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