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Thick and deformed Antarctic sea ice mapped with autonomous underwater vehicles

Citation

Williams, GD and Maksym, T and Wilkinson, J and Kunz, C and Murphy, C and Kimball, P and Singh, H, Thick and deformed Antarctic sea ice mapped with autonomous underwater vehicles, Nature Geoscience, 8, (1) pp. 61-67. ISSN 1752-0894 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

DOI: doi:10.1038/ngeo2299

Abstract

Satellites have documented trends in Antarctic sea-ice extent and its variability for decades, but estimating sea-ice thickness in the Antarctic from remote sensing data remains challenging. In situ observations needed for validation of remote sensing data and sea-ice models are limited; most have been restricted to a few point measurements on selected ice floes, or to visual shipboard estimates. Here we present three-dimensional (3D) floe-scale maps of sea-ice draft for ten floes, compiled from two springtime expeditions by an autonomous underwater vehicle to the near-coastal regions of the Weddell, Bellingshausen, and Wilkes Land sectors of Antarctica. Mean drafts range from 1.4 to 5.5 m, with maxima up to 16 m. We also find that, on average, 76% of the ice volume is deformed ice. Our surveys indicate that the floes are much thicker and more deformed than reported by most drilling and ship-based measurements of Antarctic sea ice. We suggest that thick ice in the near-coastal and interior pack may be under-represented in existing in situ assessments of Antarctic sea ice and hence, on average, Antarctic sea ice may be thicker than previously thought.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Antarctic sea ice, Climate Change, Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Physical Geography and Environmental Geoscience
Research Field:Glaciology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Williams, GD (Dr Guy Williams)
ID Code:96863
Year Published:2015 (online first 2014)
Web of Science® Times Cited:26
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2014-11-25
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:0

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