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What drives long-run biodiversity change? New insights from combining economics, palaeoecology and environmental history

Citation

Hanley, N and Tinch, DR and Angelopoulos, K and Davies, A and Barbier, E and Watson, F, What drives long-run biodiversity change? New insights from combining economics, palaeoecology and environmental history, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 57, (1) pp. 5-20. ISSN 0095-0696 (2009) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2008 Elsevier Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jeem.2008.03.005

Abstract

This paper presents a new approach for understanding the effects of economic factors on biodiversity change over the long run. We illustrate this approach by studying the determinants of biodiversity change in upland Scotland from 1600 to 2000. The measure of biodiversity used is a proxy for plant species diversity, constructed using statistical analysis of palaeoecological (pollen) data. We assemble a new data set of historical land use and prices over 11 sites during this 400-year period; this data set also includes information on changes in agricultural technology, climate and land ownership. A panel model is then estimated that controls for both supply and demand shifts over time. A main result is that prices that act in our model as a proxy for livestock numbers do indeed impact on biodiversity, with higher prices leading to lower biodiversity

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Agricultural development; Biodiversity; Palaeoecology; Panel Models; Instrumental variables
Research Division:Economics
Research Group:Applied Economics
Research Field:Environment and Resource Economics
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Ecosystem Assessment and Management
Objective Field:Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Sparseland, Permanent Grassland and Arid Zone Environments
Author:Tinch, DR (Dr Dugald Tinch)
ID Code:96855
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Tasmanian School of Business and Economics
Deposited On:2014-11-24
Last Modified:2015-01-21
Downloads:0

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