eCite Digital Repository

Primary magmas and mantle temperatures


Green, DH and Falloon, TJ and Eggins, SM and Yaxley, GM, Primary magmas and mantle temperatures, European Journal of Mineralogy, 13, (3) pp. 437-451. ISSN 0935-1221 (2001) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2001 E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

DOI: doi:10.1127/0935-1221/2001/0013-0437


The composition of olivine phenocrysts in Hawaiian tholeiitic picrites and in Mid-Ocean Ridge picrites vary up to Mg#91.3 and Mg#92.1 respectively. The compositions and liquidus temperatures of the magmas crystallizing the most magnesian phenocrysts can be estimated and we find that anhydrous liquidus temperatures (at 1 bar pressure) of Hawaiian tholeiitic picrites average 1365C, for E-MOR picrites average 1355C, and for N-MOR picrites average 1335C. Water contents of the magmas decrease in the order Hawaiian picrites, E-MOR picrites to N-MOR picrites, and consideration of liquidus depression by these water contents leads to the conclusion that magma temperatures for all types were approximately 1325C at ~ 1 bar. The data from parental or primary magmas suggests that the temperature contrast between 'Hot-Spot' and MOR magmas is ≤ 20C. Application of information from partial melting studies of lherzolites and liquidus studies of the Hot-Spot and MOR picrites leads to the conclusion that both 'Hot-Spot' and MOR primary basalts are derived from mantle with potential temperature Tp ~ 1430C. Insofar as primitive magmas may be used to infer the potential temperature of their sources, there is no evidence for a temperature contrast of Δ Tp = 100-250C between 'Hot-Spot' or 'Deep Mantle Plume' sources and ambient (MOR source) asthenospheric mantle. Although magma temperatures are similar, the residual mantle compositions for Hawaiian picrites are refractory harzburgites, more refractory (including Cr/Cr+Al ratio) than the lherzolite to harzburgite residue from MOR picrite extraction. It is argued that the buoyancy plume and geophysically anomalous mantle beneath the Hawaiian Arch is due to compositional and not temperature contrasts in the upper mantle. The four-component mixing identified in the Hawaiian source is attributed to interaction between old subducted lithospheric slabs, buoyant or suspended in the upper mantle, and surrounding ambient mantle at Tp = 1430C.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:mantle melting, mantle potential temperature, plumes, primary magmas
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geochemistry
Research Field:Inorganic geochemistry
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Falloon, TJ (Dr Trevor Falloon)
ID Code:96732
Year Published:2001
Web of Science® Times Cited:132
Deposited By:Earth Sciences
Deposited On:2014-11-18
Last Modified:2015-04-14

Repository Staff Only: item control page