Investigate the possible Impacts of differential seafarersí career progression on seafarer competence in China
Fan, L and Fei, J and Schriever, U and Fan, S, Investigate the possible Impacts of differential seafarers' career progression on seafarer competence in China, Proceedings of the 15th Annual General Assembly International Association of Maritime Universities, IAMU AGA 2014 - Looking Ahead: Innovation in Maritime Education, Training and Research, 27 - 30 October, Australian Maritime College, Launceston, Tasmania, pp. 206-213. ISBN 978-0-9806391-4-8 (2014) [Refereed Conference Paper]
With the rapid development of advanced science and technology, the frequency of marine accidents
caused by external factors, such as haphazard breakdown of engines or disastrous weather, is declining;
while internal factors related to the human element remain the dominant contributor to such incidents.
In order to minimise mishaps associated with the human element, seafarers must keep pace with the
fast development of modern ships. The safety and security of ships and those on board and the
preservation of the marine environment depend very much on the professionalism and competence of
seafarers. This has been well embodied in the recent international conventions as well as some
national regulations. In addition to the Maritime Labour Convention 2006, the Manila Amendments
2010 are of supreme relevance to the improvement of seafarer competence. China has introduced
some new regulations and amended some existing ones to improve the competency of Chinese
seafarers and to ensure the overall effective implementation of the Manila Amendments 2010. The
Regulations on Competence Examination and Certification for Seafarers in China, 2004 were
amended in December, 2011. China has developed a relatively comprehensive system related to
seafarers and maritime education and training institutes have undergone great changes accordingly.
One of the major ones is the introduction of the regulations on differential seafarersí career
progression. Since the regulations are relatively new, little research has been done to evaluate possible
impacts on Chinese seafarer education. The purposes of this paper are to: a) compare the different
pathways now available in China for seafarer career progression; and b) examine the possible impacts
of the new regulations on the quality control of maritime education and training and the seafarer
competence in China.
Refereed Conference Paper
Maritime education and training; Chinese seafarers; career progression; seafarer competence; STCW; Manila Amendments