Baker, ML and Painter, G and Hewitt, AW and Amirul Islam, FM and Szetu, J and Qalo, M and Keeffe, J, Profile of ocular trauma in the Solomon Islands, Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 42, (5) pp. 440-446. ISSN 1442-6404 (2014) [Refereed Article]
DESIGN: A prospective clinic-based study.
PARTICIPANTS: A total of 507 patients with ocular trauma who were reviewed at the National Referral Hospital in Honiara or one of five provincial eye clinics were included.
METHODS: An interview-based questionnaire to determine the circumstances of ocular trauma, and an ocular examination to elicit the trauma sustained,infectious sequelae and the visual outcome.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Visual acuity.
RESULTS: Males were significantly more likely to have ocular trauma than females (P = 0.01). The major cause of ocular trauma in young boys and girls was being poked by a stick, followed by lime burns in young boys. For both genders, physical violence resulted in most injuries across all adult age groups. Microbial keratitis complicated 4.4% of ocular trauma. Monocular vision impairment (<6/18) occurred in 5.5% of participants and was more likely to occur if female (P = 0.02).
CONCLUSIONS: Ocular trauma is a significant cause of visual morbidity in the Solomon Islands. The results from this prospective study provide a basis for planning blindness prevention programmes in the Western Pacific.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Developing country; Ocular injury; Preventive strategy; Risk factor|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Ophthalmology and Optometry|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Hearing, Vision, Speech and Their Disorders|
|UTAS Author:||Hewitt, AW (Professor Alex Hewitt)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||3|
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