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Profile of ocular trauma in the Solomon Islands


Baker, ML and Painter, G and Hewitt, AW and Amirul Islam, FM and Szetu, J and Qalo, M and Keeffe, J, Profile of ocular trauma in the Solomon Islands, Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 42, (5) pp. 440-446. ISSN 1442-6404 (2014) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/ceo.12256


BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to characterize the causes of ocular trauma and determine the risk factors for infection and vision loss following ocular trauma in the Solomon Islands.

DESIGN: A prospective clinic-based study.

PARTICIPANTS: A total of 507 patients with ocular trauma who were reviewed at the National Referral Hospital in Honiara or one of five provincial eye clinics were included.

METHODS: An interview-based questionnaire to determine the circumstances of ocular trauma, and an ocular examination to elicit the trauma sustained,infectious sequelae and the visual outcome.


RESULTS: Males were significantly more likely to have ocular trauma than females (P = 0.01). The major cause of ocular trauma in young boys and girls was being poked by a stick, followed by lime burns in young boys. For both genders, physical violence resulted in most injuries across all adult age groups. Microbial keratitis complicated 4.4% of ocular trauma. Monocular vision impairment (<6/18) occurred in 5.5% of participants and was more likely to occur if female (P = 0.02).

CONCLUSIONS: Ocular trauma is a significant cause of visual morbidity in the Solomon Islands. The results from this prospective study provide a basis for planning blindness prevention programmes in the Western Pacific.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Developing country; Ocular injury; Preventive strategy; Risk factor
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Ophthalmology and optometry
Research Field:Ophthalmology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hewitt, AW (Professor Alex Hewitt)
ID Code:96439
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2014-11-05
Last Modified:2017-11-07

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