Yingchoncharoen, T and Negishi, T and Stanton, T and Marwick, TH, Incremental value of three-dimensional echocardiography in the evaluation of left ventricular size in mitral regurgitation: A follow-up study after mitral valve surgery, Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 27, (6) pp. 608-615. ISSN 0894-7317 (2014) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2014 by the American Society of Echocardiography
Methods: Sixty-seven patients with severe asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic mitral regurgitation (69% men; mean age, 62 ± 13 years) who underwent mitral valve surgery from January 2010 to December 2011 were studied. In addition to standard echocardiography, baseline three-dimensional echocardiography was performed for accurate quantification of LV size. Patients were followed over a median time of 1 month (interquartile range, 0-8 months) for postoperative development of atrial fibrillation or LV dysfunction. A multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify associations with events.
Results: Postoperative LV dysfunction developed in 15 patients (22%), and 21 patients (31%) had postoperative atrial fibrillation. There was no association between two-dimensional end-systolic volume index and outcomes (hazard ratio, 1.02; P = .18). Postoperative atrial fibrillation or LV dysfunction was associated with baseline three-dimensional LV end-systolic volume index (hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.16), independent of age and presence of coronary artery disease. LVESVi ≥ 40 mL/m2 was the best cutoff value to predict postoperative events (sensitivity, 80%; specificity, 85%). After adding LVESVi to a model containing clinical and echocardiographic parameters, net reclassification improvement was 0.27 (95% confidence interval, 0.25-0.29; P = .024).
Conclusions: LVESVi from three-dimensional echocardiography is an independent predictor of postoperative outcomes in patients with severe mitral regurgitation that is incremental to other clinical and echocardiographic variables.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||LV dimensions; LV volume; Mitral regurgitation; Three-dimensional echocardiography; Two-dimensional echocardiography|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology|
|Research Field:||Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Cardiovascular System and Diseases|
|Author:||Marwick, TH (Professor Tom Marwick)|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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