Reddel, SE and Bruno, R and Burns, L and Kirwan, A and Lokuge, K and Dietze, P, Prevalence and associations of quetiapine fumarate misuse among an Australian national city sample of people who regularly inject drugs, Addiction, 109, (2) pp. 295-302. ISSN 0965-2140 (2014) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2013 Society for the Study of Addiction
Aims: To estimate the prevalence of self-reported misuse of the antipsychotic quetiapine fumarate (quetiapine) among a sample of urban Australian people who inject drugs (PWID), and correlates of reported misuse in health and social domains.
Design, setting and participants: Data were obtained from a national cross-sectional convenience sample survey of 868 urban PWID.
Measurements: Self-reported life-time and recent (past 6-month) use, and mode of use, of prescribed and non-prescribed quetiapine. ‘Misuse’ calculated on non-oral use of the prescribed drug or non-prescribed use. Self-reported potential correlates of quetiapine misuse including socio-demographic, drug use and health and social characteristics.
Findings: Thirty-one per cent of the sample [95% confidence interval (CI) = 28–34%] reported ever misusing quetiapine, 15% (95% CI = 13–17%) in the preceding 6 months. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that participants reporting any recent quetiapine misuse were more likely to be from jurisdictions with higher population prescription rates. They were also more likely to report violent crime in the preceding month [odds ratio (OR) = 1.96, 95% CI = 1.17–3.29] and non-heroin drug overdose in the preceding 12 months (OR = 3.52, 95% CI = 1.39–8.91). Recent quetiapine misuse was also significantly associated with non-prescribed benzodiazepine use (OR = 4.26, 95% CI = 2.06–8.82), non-prescribed pharmaceutical opioid use (OR = 2.76 95% CI 1.47–5.19) and amphetamine use (OR = 2.08, 95% CI = 1.02–4.22) in the previous 6 months.
Conclusions: Quetiapine misuse appears to be common in PWID in urban Australia. Recent misuse is associated with localities reporting a higher rate of prescriptions and among individuals with a history of non-heroin drug overdose, violent crime and use of non-prescribed benzodiazepines and pharmaceutical opioids as well as amphetamines. Awareness of the potential for quetiapine misuse is important, as the drug is prescribed increasingly in a broader range of approved and ‘off-label’ clinical contexts.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||quetiapine, drug use, drug misuse, pharmaceutical misuse|
|Research Group:||Applied and developmental psychology|
|Research Field:||Psychology of ageing|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||5|
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