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Confidence and accuracy of lineup selections and rejections: Postdicting rejection accuracy with confidence

Citation

Lindsay, RCL and Kelmet, N and Leung, J and Bertrand, MI and Sauer, J and Sauerland, M, Confidence and accuracy of lineup selections and rejections: Postdicting rejection accuracy with confidence, Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 2, (3) pp. 179-184. ISSN 2211-3681 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jarmac.2013.06.002

Abstract

Correlation and calibration approaches show meaningful, positive confidence-accuracy relations for witnesses making selections from lineups, but rarely for rejections (Brewer & Wells, 2006; Sauerland & Sporer, 2009). This disparity may reflect the difference between selecting a single photo versus rejecting a set of photos. Participants (N=101) in two experiments made selections from and rejections of lineups in situations requiring either a single confidence rating about a single face (typical of "choosers") or a single confidence rating about multiple faces (typical of "nonchoosers"). Mean confidence ratings were significantly higher for accurate versus inaccurate decisions for both selections and rejections when decisions were based on single faces. Single decisions about multiple faces produced no significant difference in confidence between correct and incorrect rejections but a significant difference for selections.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:eyewitness memory, eyewitness identification, confidence
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Forensic Psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Sauer, J (Dr Jim Sauer)
ID Code:95941
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2014-10-13
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:0

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