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Pirate stealth or inattentional blindness? The effects of target relevance and sustained attention on security monitoring for experienced and nave operators

Citation

Nasholm, E and Rohlfing, S and Sauer, J, Pirate stealth or inattentional blindness? The effects of target relevance and sustained attention on security monitoring for experienced and naive operators, PL o S One, 9, (1) Article e86157. ISSN 1932-6203 (2014) [Refereed Article]


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Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086157

Abstract

Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) operators are responsible for maintaining security in various applied settings. However, research has largely ignored human factors that may contribute to CCTV operator error. One important source of error is inattentional blindness the failure to detect unexpected but clearly visible stimuli when attending to a scene. We compared inattentional blindness rates for experienced (84 infantry personnel) and nave (87 civilians) operators in a CCTV monitoring task. The task-relevance of the unexpected stimulus and the length of the monitoring period were manipulated between participants. Inattentional blindness rates were measured using typical post-event questionnaires, and participants' real-time descriptions of the monitored event. Based on the post-event measure, 66% of the participants failed to detect salient, ongoing stimuli appearing in the spatial field of their attentional focus. The unexpected task-irrelevant stimulus was significantly more likely to go undetected (79%) than the unexpected task-relevant stimulus (55%). Prior task experience did not inoculate operators against inattentional blindness effects. Participants' real-time descriptions revealed similar patterns, ruling out inattentional amnesia accounts.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Inattentional Blindness
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Sauer, J (Dr Jim Sauer)
ID Code:95940
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2014-10-13
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:125 View Download Statistics

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