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Genetic diversity and pedigree assignment in tetraploid Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas)

Citation

Miller, PA and Elliott, NG and Vaillancourt, RE and Kube, PD and Koutoulis, A, Genetic diversity and pedigree assignment in tetraploid Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas), Aquaculture, 433 pp. 318-324. ISSN 0044-8486 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.06.025

Abstract

Tetraploid Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) are commonly used within aquaculture to generate predominantly sterile triploids for commercial use. Unlike triploids, tetraploids are fertile and can be spawned with each other to maintain a commercial breeding population. The impacts this hatchery perpetuation has on the genetic diversity of the tetraploid population and subsequent commercial triploid product are currently unknown. This study determines the diversity (number of alleles and heterozygosity), pedigree assignment and effective population size over two generations of tetraploid production. A significant drop in diversity was observed over two successive generations of tetraploid oysters spawned in 2008 and in 2011, likely due to different numbers of broodstock used. Similar to diploids, pedigree assignment in tetraploids showed unequal parental contributions and an effective population size smaller than the census population, thus the potential for inbreeding to occur in the future is high.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, tetraploid, diversity, pedigree assignment
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Animal Cell and Molecular Biology
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Aquaculture
Objective Field:Aquaculture Oysters
Author:Miller, PA (Ms Penny Miller)
Author:Vaillancourt, RE (Professor Rene Vaillancourt)
Author:Koutoulis, A (Professor Anthony Koutoulis)
ID Code:95894
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2014-10-10
Last Modified:2017-10-31
Downloads:0

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