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What is social learning?


Reed, MS and Evely, AC and Cundill, G and Fazey, I and Glass, J and Laing, A and Newig, J and Parrish, B and Prell, C and Raymond, CM and Stringer, LC, What is social learning?, Ecology and Society, 15, (4) pp. 1-10. ISSN 1708-3087 (2010) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2010 by the author(s). Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance

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DOI: doi:10.5751/ES-03564-1504r01


Social learning is increasingly becoming a normative goal in natural resource management and policy. However, there remains little consensus over its meaning or theoretical basis. There are still considerable differences in understanding of the concept in the literature, including a number of articles published in Ecology & Society. Social learning is often conflated with other concepts such as participation and proenvironmental behavior, and there is often little distinction made between individual and wider social learning. Many unsubstantiated claims for social learning exist, and there is frequently confusion between the concept itself and its potential outcomes. This lack of conceptual clarity has limited our capacity to assess whether social learning has occurred, and if so, what kind of learning has taken place, to what extent, between whom, when, and how. This response attempts to provide greater clarity on the conceptual basis for social learning. We argue that to be considered social learning, a process must: (1) demonstrate that a change in understanding has taken place in the individuals involved; (2) demonstrate that this change goes beyond the individual and becomes situated within wider social units or communities of practice; and (3) occur through social interactions and processes between actors within a social network. A clearer picture of what we mean by social learning could enhance our ability to critically evaluate outcomes and better understand the processes through which social learning occurs. In this way, it may be possible to better facilitate the desired outcomes of social learning processes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:definition, social learning, social-ecological systems
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental management
Research Field:Natural resource management
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Environmental policy, legislation and standards
Objective Field:Environmental policy, legislation and standards not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Raymond, CM (Dr Chris Raymond)
ID Code:95859
Year Published:2010
Deposited By:Centre for Environment
Deposited On:2014-10-09
Last Modified:2015-02-24
Downloads:312 View Download Statistics

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