Zosky, GR and Iosifidis, T and Perks, K and Ditcham, WGF and Devadason, SG and Siah, WS and Devine, B and Maley, F and Cook, A, The concentration of iron in real-world geogenic PM10 is associated with increased inflammation and deficits in lung function in mice, PLoS One, 9, (2) Article e90609. ISSN 1932-6203 (2014) [Refereed Article]
Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Background: There are many communities around the world that are exposed to high levels of particulate matter <10 µm (PM10) of geogenic (earth derived) origin. Mineral dusts in the occupational setting are associated with poor lung health, however very little is known about the impact of heterogeneous community derived particles. We have preliminary evidence to suggest that the concentration of iron (Fe) may be associated with the lung inflammatory response to geogenic PM10. We aimed to determine which physico-chemical characteristics of community sampled geogenic PM10 are associated with adverse lung responses.
Methods: We collected geogenic PM10 from four towns in the arid regions of Western Australia. Adult female BALB/c mice were exposed to 100 µg of particles and assessed for inflammatory and lung function responses 6 hours, 24 hours and 7 days post-exposure. We assessed the physico-chemical characteristics of the particles and correlated these with lung outcomes in the mice using principal components analysis and multivariate linear regression.
Results: Geogenic particles induced an acute inflammatory response that peaked 6 hours post-exposure and a deficit in lung mechanics 7 days post-exposure. This deficit in lung mechanics was positively associated with the concentration of Fe and particle size variability and inversely associated with the concentration of Si.
Conclusions: The lung response to geogenic PM10 is complex and highly dependent on the physico-chemical characteristics of the particles. In particular, the concentration of Fe in the particles may be a key indicator of the potential population health consequences for inhaling geogenic PM10.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology|
|Research Field:||Respiratory Diseases|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Environmental Health|
|UTAS Author:||Zosky, GR (Professor Graeme Zosky)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||12|
|Downloads:||266 View Download Statistics|
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