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Molecular changes in the phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway are common in gastric cancer

Citation

Tran, TN and Brettingham-Moore, KH and Duong, CP and Mitchell, C and Clemons, NJ and Phillips, WA, Molecular changes in the phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway are common in gastric cancer, Journal of Surgical Oncology, 108, (2) pp. 113-120. ISSN 0022-4790 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1002/jso.23357

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is an important signalling pathway that is frequently activated in cancer cells. This has led to the emergence of PI3K inhibitors as potential new treatment modalities for many cancers. We have investigated the frequency of molecular changes in the PI3K pathway in gastric cancer.

METHODS: A series of sixty one human gastric cancer specimens and nine human gastric cancer cell lines were screened for PIK3CA mutations and copy number gain by direct sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), respectively. PTEN protein levels were assessed by immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS: Alterations in the PI3K pathway were found in 33 of 61 (54%) gastric tumours. PIK3CA mutation and copy number gain were detected in 3 (4.9%) and 8 (13.1%), respectively, of 61 gastric cancer samples while PTEN loss was detected in 24 (39%) of the tumours. Two tumours had both PTEN loss and PIK3CA copy number gain. There were no significant associations between these PI3K pathway changes and the clinical features of the tumours.

CONCLUSIONS: Alterations in the PI3K pathway are frequent in gastric tumours implicating this pathway as a legitimate therapeutic target in gastric cancer.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:PI3K mutation, gastric cancer
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Oncology and Carcinogenesis
Research Field:Cancer Genetics
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
Author:Brettingham-Moore, KH (Dr Kate Brettingham-Moore)
ID Code:95846
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:7
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2014-10-09
Last Modified:2014-11-05
Downloads:0

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