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The origin of cyanobacteria in Antarctic sea ice: Marine or freshwater?


Koh, EY and Cowie, ROM and Simpson, AM and O'Toole, RF and Ryan, KG, The origin of cyanobacteria in Antarctic sea ice: Marine or freshwater?, Environmental Microbiology Reports, 4, (5) pp. 479-483. ISSN 1758-2229 (2012) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1758-2229.2012.00346.x


Cyanobacteria play an important role in the primary productivity of many ecosystems and are dominant in non-marine polar environments. Apart from detecting low levels of cyanobacteria-like pigments in the Southern Ocean, little effort has been spent in trying to elucidate Cyanobacteria in Antarctic sea ice. Here, we report the first use of culture, microscope, microarray and molecular techniques to show that marine Cyanobacteria are rare or absent in sea ice. Our infrequent positive signals were most closely related to freshwater Cyanobacteria from neighbouring terrestrial sources, which illustrates our techniques were sensitive enough to find sea-ice cyanobacteria if they were present. It is still possible that minute quantity of marine cyanobacteria may exist in sea ice and do not contribute significantly to the polar marine ecosystems.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Microbiology
Research Field:Bacteriology
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Management of Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
Objective Field:Biodiversity in Antarctic and Southern Ocean environments
UTAS Author:O'Toole, RF (Dr Ronan O'Toole)
ID Code:95696
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:14
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2014-10-07
Last Modified:2017-11-02

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