Hawkins, NM and Jhund, PS and Simpson, CR and Petrie, MC and MacDonald, MR and Dunn, FG and Macintyre, K and McMurray, JJV, Primary care burden and treatment of patients with heart failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Scotland, The European Journal of Heart Failure, 12, (1) pp. 17-24. ISSN 1388-9842 (2010) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2010 Elsevier
METHODS AND RESULTS: This was an analysis of cross-sectional data from 61 primary care practices (377 439 patients) participating in the Scottish Continuous Morbidity Recording scheme. The prevalence of COPD in patients with HF increased from 19.8% in 1999 to 23.8% in 2004. In 2004, the prevalence was similar in men and women (24.8% vs. 22.9%, P = 0.09), increased with age up to 75 years, and increased with greater socioeconomic deprivation (most deprived 31.3% vs. least deprived 18.6%, P = 0.01). Contact rates for HF or COPD in those with both conditions were greater than disease-specific contact rates in patients with either condition alone. Although overall beta-blocker prescribing increased over time; the adjusted odds of beta-blocker prescription in patients with COPD was low and failed to improve [odds ratio 0.30 (0.28-0.32), P < 0.001]. In 2004, only 18% of individuals with HF and COPD were prescribed beta-blockers vs. 41% in those without COPD.
CONCLUSION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a frequent comorbidity in patients with HF and represents a significant healthcare burden to primary care. Although beta-blocker prescribing in the community has increased, less than a fifth of patients with HF and COPD received beta-blockers.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Beta-blockers; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; Heart failure|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology|
|Research Field:||Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Cardiovascular System and Diseases|
|UTAS Author:||Macintyre, K (Dr Kate Macintyre)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||59|
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