Gillies, M and Jhund, PS and MacTeague, K and MacIntyre, P and Allardyce, J and Batty, GD and Macintyre, K, Prior psychiatric hospitalization is associated with excess mortality in patients hospitalized with non-cardiac chest pain: A data linkage study based on the full Scottish population (1991-2006), European Heart Journal, 33, (6) pp. 760-767. ISSN 0195-668X (2012) [Refereed Article]
METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of 159 888 patients discharged from hospital in Scotland (1991-2006) following a first NCCP hospitalization, using routinely collected morbidity and mortality data. All-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality at 1 year following hospitalization was examined. A total of 3514 (4.4%) men and 3136 (3.9%) women with a first NCCP hospitalization had a psychiatric hospitalization in the 10 years preceding incident NCCP hospitalization. Those with a previous psychiatric hospitalization were younger and more socioeconomically deprived (SED). Overall, crude case fatality at 1 year was 4.4% in men and 3.7% in women. This was higher in patients with a previous psychiatric hospitalization compared with those without (overall: men 6.3 vs. 4.3%; women: 5.3 vs. 3.6%), in all age groups and all SED quintiles. Following adjustment (year of NCCP hospitalization, SED, co-morbid diabetes, and hypertension), the hazard of all-cause and CVD-specific death at 1 year was higher in men and women with a previous psychiatric hospitalization than without, with effect modification according to age group.
CONCLUSION: Non-cardiac chest pain is not an entirely benign condition. Individuals with a hospital discharge diagnosis of NCCP who have a previous psychiatric hospitalization have a greater risk of death, all-cause, and CVD-specific, at 1 year, than those without. A NCCP hospitalization is an opportunity to engage, and where appropriate, intervene to modify cardiovascular risk in this difficult-to-reach and high-risk group.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Mortality; Non-cardiac chest pain; Predictors; Psychiatric disorder|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology|
|Research Field:||Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Cardiovascular System and Diseases|
|UTAS Author:||Macintyre, K (Dr Kate Macintyre)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||5|
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