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Barium in twilight zone suspended matter as a potential proxy for particulate organic carbon remineralization: results for the North Pacific


Dehairs, F and Jacquet, S and Savoye, N and Van Mooy, BAS and Buesseler, KO and Bishop, JKB and Lamborg, CH and Elskens, M and Baeyens, W and Boyd, PW and Casciotti, KL and Monnin, C, Barium in twilight zone suspended matter as a potential proxy for particulate organic carbon remineralization: results for the North Pacific, Deep-Sea Research Part 2, 55, (14-15) pp. 1673-1683. ISSN 0967-0645 (2008) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2008 Elsevier

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.04.020


This study focuses on the fate of exported organic carbon in the twilight zone at two contrasting environments in the North Pacific: the oligotrophic ALOHA site (22°45′N, 158°W; Hawaii; studied during June–July 2004) and the mesotrophic Subarctic Pacific K2 site (47°N, 161°W; studied during July–August 2005). Earlier work has shown that non-lithogenic, excess particulate Ba (Baxs) in the mesopelagic water column is a potential proxy of organic carbon remineralization. In general, Baxs contents were significantly larger at K2 than at ALOHA. At ALOHA, the Baxs profiles from repeated sampling (five casts) showed remarkable consistency over a period of three weeks, suggesting that the system was close to being at steady state. In contrast, more variability was observed at K2 (six casts sampled), reflecting the more dynamic physical and biological conditions prevailing in this environment. While for both sites Baxs concentrations increased with depth, at K2 a clear maximum was present between the base of the mixed layer at around 50 and 500 m, reflecting production and release of Baxs. Larger mesopelagic Baxs contents and larger bacterial production in the twilight zone at the K2 site indicate that more material was exported from the upper mixed layer for bacterial degradation deeper, compared to the ALOHA site. Furthermore, application of a published transfer function [Dehairs, F., Shopova, D., Ober, S., Veth, C., Goeyens, L., 1997. Particulate barium stocks and oxygen consumption in the Southern Ocean mesopelagic water column during spring and early summer: relationship with export production. Deep-Sea Research II 44(1–2), 497–516] relating oxygen consumption to the observed Baxs data indicated that the latter were in good agreement with bacterial respiration, calculated from bacterial production. These results corroborate earlier findings highlighting the potential of Baxs as a proxy for organic carbon remineralization.
   The range of POC remineralization rates calculated from twilight zone excess particulate Ba contents also compared well with the depth dependent POC flux decrease as recorded by neutrally buoyant sediment traps, except in one case (out of four). This discrepancy could indicate that differences in sinking velocities cause an uncoupling of the processes occurring in the fine suspended particle pool from those affecting the larger particle pool which sustains the vertical flux, thus rendering comparison between both approaches risky.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:twilight zone, POC remineralization, particulate barium, North
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Chemical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Measurement and assessment of marine water quality and condition
UTAS Author:Boyd, PW (Professor Philip Boyd)
ID Code:95537
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:46
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-10-03
Last Modified:2014-11-11

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