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Suicide and gender ratios in Tasmania (Australia) using the Operationalized Predicaments of Suicide tool, and negative experiences

Citation

Lee, AYS and Pridmore, S, Suicide and gender ratios in Tasmania (Australia) using the Operationalized Predicaments of Suicide tool, and negative experiences, Australasian Psychiatry, 22, (2) pp. 140-143. ISSN 1039-8562 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 SAGE Publications

DOI: doi:10.1177/1039856214529354

Abstract

Objective: To examine coroner's reports of completed suicide in Tasmania with the intention of characterizing the influence of gender and other factors.

Method: One hundred coroner's reports from Tasmania 2010-2012 were examined and basic demographic details (age, gender), suicide method, medical, psychiatric, psychosocial and drug factors were collected. Data were organized using the Operationalized Predicament of Suicide tool and known risk factors, and analysed using SPSS software.

Results: We found an overall male:female ratio of 3:1. When acute mental disorder was identified, the male:female ratio was 1:1. When a history of mental disorder is considered, the ratio becomes 1.44:1. When social/environmental factors triggered the event this changed greatly to 5.57:1.

Conclusion: Males suicide more frequently than females; but this difference disappears when only those with mental disorder at the time of death are considered, and almost disappears when a history of mental disorder are considered. Higher suicide rates of males are driven by social/environmental stressors. These results have implications for understanding the key drivers of suicide, and developing appropriate preventative strategies.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Australia, coronerís reports, gender, suicide
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Mental Health
Author:Lee, AYS (Dr Adrian Lee)
Author:Pridmore, S (Professor Saxby Pridmore)
ID Code:95481
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2014-10-02
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:0

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