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First evidence for Wollemi Pine-type pollen (Dilwynites: Araucariaceae) in South America


MacPhail, M and Carpenter, RJ and Iglesias, A and Wilf, P, First evidence for Wollemi Pine-type pollen (Dilwynites: Araucariaceae) in South America, PLoS One, 8, (7) Article e69281. ISSN 1932-6203 (2013) [Refereed Article]


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Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

DOI: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069281


We report the first fossil pollen from South America of the lineage that includes the recently discovered, extremely rare Australian Wollemi Pine, Wollemia nobilis (Araucariaceae). The grains are from the late Paleocene to early middle Eocene Ligorio Márquez Formation of Santa Cruz, Patagonia, Argentina, and are assigned to Dilwynites, the fossil pollen type that closely resembles the pollen of modern Wollemia and some species of its Australasian sister genus, Agathis. Dilwynites was formerly known only from Australia, New Zealand, and East Antarctica. The Patagonian Dilwynites occurs with several taxa of Podocarpaceae and a diverse range of cryptogams and angiosperms, but not Nothofagus. The fossils greatly extend the known geographic range of Dilwynites and provide important new evidence for the Antarctic region as an early Paleogene portal for biotic interchange between Australasia and South America.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant biology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Other environmental management
Objective Field:Other environmental management not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Carpenter, RJ (Dr Raymond Carpenter)
ID Code:95346
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:18
Deposited By:Biological Sciences
Deposited On:2014-09-30
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:266 View Download Statistics

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