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Capillary electrophoresis for the analysis of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins in shellfish: comparison of detection methods


Abdul Keyon, AS and Guijt, RM and Gaspar, A and Kazarian, AA and Nesterenko, PN and Bolch, CJS and Breadmore, MC, Capillary electrophoresis for the analysis of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins in shellfish: comparison of detection methods, Electrophoresis, 35, (10) pp. 1496-1503. ISSN 0173-0835 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Wiley-V C H Verlag Gmbh

DOI: doi:10.1002/elps.201300353


Paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) are produced by marine and freshwater microalgae and accumulate in shellfish including mussels, oysters, and scallops, causing possible fatalities when inadvertently consumed. Monitoring of PST content of shellfish is therefore important for food safety, with currently approved methods based on HPLC, using pre- or postcolumn oxidation for fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD). CE is an attractive alternative for screening and detection of PSTs as it is compatible with miniaturization and could be implemented in portable instrumentation for on-site monitoring. In this study, CE methods were developed for C4D, FLD, UV absorption detection, and MS—making this first report of C4D and FLD for PSTs detection. Because most oxidized toxins are neutral, MEKC was used in combination with FLD. The developed CZE-UV and CZE-C4D methods provide better resolution, selectivity, and separation efficiency compared to CZE-MS and MEKC-FLD. The sensitivity of the CZE-C4D and MEKC-FLD methods was superior to UV and MS, with LOD values ranging from 140 to 715 ng/mL for CZE-C4D and 60.9 to 104 ng/mL for MEKC-FLD. With the regulatory limit for shellfish samples of 800 ng/mL, the CZE-C4D and MEKC-FLD methods were evaluated for the screening and detection of PSTs in shellfish samples. While the CZE-C4D method suffered from significant interferences from the shellfish matrix, MEKC-FLD was successfully used for PST screening of a periodate-oxidized mussel sample, with results confirmed by HPLC-FLD. This confirms the potential of MEKC-FLD for screening of PSTs in shellfish samples.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:paralytic shellfish toxins, capillary electrophoresis
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Separation science
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - aquaculture
Objective Field:Fisheries - aquaculture not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Abdul Keyon, AS (Mrs Aemi Abdul Keyon)
UTAS Author:Guijt, RM (Dr Rosanne Guijt)
UTAS Author:Gaspar, A (Dr Andras Gaspar)
UTAS Author:Kazarian, AA (Dr Tom Kazarian)
UTAS Author:Nesterenko, PN (Professor Pavel Nesterenko)
UTAS Author:Bolch, CJS (Associate Professor Christopher Bolch)
UTAS Author:Breadmore, MC (Professor Michael Breadmore)
ID Code:95164
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:22
Deposited By:NC Marine Conservation and Resource Sustainability
Deposited On:2014-09-25
Last Modified:2020-11-24

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