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Developing a novel methodology for ecological risk assessment of thiosalts

Citation

Fahd, F and Khan, F and Hawboldt, K and Abbassi, R, Developing a novel methodology for ecological risk assessment of thiosalts, Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 28, (2) pp. 383-391. ISSN 1436-3240 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Springer Verlag

DOI: doi:10.1007/s00477-013-0758-2

Abstract

A new methodology is developed to estimate an aquatic community toxicity threshold concentration based on the limited toxicity data that are available for thiosalts. To analyze the indirect effect of thiosalts on decreasing pH, an exposure model is developed that estimates the residual concentration of thiosalts and pH in the water body. The results from this model are incorporated in thiosalts risk assessment and a case study is used to illustrate the applicability of the proposed model. In this study, the exposure model predicts that, trithionate and tetrathionate degraded to SO4 2- ions, HSO3 - ions, SO3 2- ions and elemental sulfur. The concentration of thiosulfate, trithionate and tetrathionate, initially at 25, 40 and 6 mg/L, respectively are expected to decrease. Over the duration of 77 h, thiosulfate degrades completely, while the estimated residual trithionate and tetrathionate concentrations are 13 and 5.77 mg/L, respectively. pH of the undiluted effluent is estimated to decrease from 9.2 to 5.6 within an hour of the effluent discharge and decreases further to 4 over a period of next 3 days. A framework and methodology developed in this paper can be utilized to estimate the potential direct and indirect risk of thiosalts exposure to ecological entities. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Aquatic quality criteria; Bootstrap; Ecological; Natural degradation model; Risk assessment; Thiosalts; Aquatic quality criterion; Bootstrap; Ecological; Natural degradation; Thiosalts; Aquatic organisms; Ecology; Estimation; Ions; Risk assessment
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Environmental Engineering
Research Field:Environmental Engineering Modelling
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water
Objective Field:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water for Urban and Industrial Use
Author:Khan, F (Professor Faisal Khan)
Author:Abbassi, R (Dr Rouzbeh Abbassi)
ID Code:94987
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2014-09-22
Last Modified:2017-11-06
Downloads:0

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