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The Role Of Fibulin-1C Peptides In Attachment, Proliferation And ECM Deposition In Lung Fibroblasts From Chronic Lung Diseases

Citation

Ge, Q and Chen, L and Jaffar, J and Burgess, JK and Oliver, BG, The Role Of Fibulin-1C Peptides In Attachment, Proliferation And ECM Deposition In Lung Fibroblasts From Chronic Lung Diseases, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, May 16-21, 2014, San Diego, pp. 1. ISSN 1073-449X (2014) [Conference Extract]


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DOI: doi:10.1164/ajrccm-conference.2014.189.1

Abstract

Rationale: Fibulin-1 is an extracellular matrix (ECM) protein which mediates cellular processes and tissue remodelling. In our previous study we have shown that the levels of fibulin-1 are elevated in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from asthmatic patients compared to healthy volunteers. Furthermore, in-vitro we found fibulin-1C, one of four fibulin-1 isoforms, promoted proliferation and wound repair in human airway smooth muscle cells.

Aim: To identify the bioactive regions of fibulin-1C which promote lung fibrosis induced by fibroblasts from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary fibrosis (PF) or neither disease (Non-C/P).

Methods: Fibulin-1C peptides were designed (seven in total) according to the principles described by Angelatti (1). The peptides were coated onto tissue culture plates before lung fibroblasts were seeded. The effects of peptides on fibroblast attachment, mitochondrial activity and proliferation, and ECM deposition were measured.

Results: Among the fibulin-1C peptides, peptide 1C1 (FBLN1C1) increased fibroblast attachment in Non-C/P and COPD, proliferation in Non-C/P, and mitochondrial activity in all three groups. In addition, FBLN1C1 enhanced fibulin1 deposition in COPD and PF fibroblasts, while it augmented fibronectin and perlecan deposition in all three groups of fibroblasts. The peptides FBLN1C2 to FBLN1C7 were inactive.

Conclusion: FBLN1C1 may be important in fibulin-1 induced lung fibrosis. The active peptide identified from this study will provide a useful tool for future studies in recognition of FBLN1C and receptor binding and exploration of cellular signalling pathways of FBLN1C. Further investigation of this molecule may help reveal the role of Fibulin-1 in the pathophysiology of chronic lung diseases.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:Fibulin-1C; Fibroblast; Chronic Lung Diseases
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Respiratory Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma)
Author:Chen, L (Dr Ling Chen)
ID Code:94865
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2014-09-18
Last Modified:2014-09-22
Downloads:0

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