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Registered Replication Report: Schooler and Engstler-Schooler (1990)

Citation

Alogna, VK and Attaya, MK and Aucoin, P and Bahnik, S and Birch, S and Birt, AR and Bornstein, BH and Bouwmeester, S and Brandimonte, MA and Brown, C and Buswell, K and Carlson, C and Carlson, M and Chu, S and Cislak, A and Colarusso, M and Colloff, MF and Dellapaolera, KS and Delvenne, J-F and Di Domenico, A and Drummond, A and Echterhoff, G and Edlund, JE and Eggleston, CM and Fairfield, B and Franco, G and Gabbert, F and Gamblin, BW and Garry, M and Gentry, R and Gilbert, EA and Greenberg, DL and Halberstadt, J and Hall, L and Hancock, PJB and Hirsch, D and Holt, G and Jackson, JC and Jong, J and Kehn, A and Koch, C and Kopietz, R and Korner, U and Kunar, MA and Lai, CK and Langton, SRH and Leite, FP and Mammarella, N and Marsh, JE and McConnaughy, KA and McCoy, S and McIntyre, AH and Meissner, CA and Michael, RB and Mitchell, AA and Mugayar-Baldocchi, M and Musselman, R and Ng, C and Nichols, AL and Nunez, NL and Palmer, MA and Pappagianopoulos, JE and Petro, MS and Poirier, CR and Portch, E and Rainsford, M and Rancourt, A and Romig, C and Rubinova, E and Sanson, M and Satchell, L and Sauer, JD and Schweitzer, K and Shaheed, J and Skelton, F and Sullivan, GA and Susa, KJ and Swanner, JK and Thompson, WB and Todaro, R and Ulatowska, J and Valentine, T and Verkoeijen, PPJL and Vranka, M and Wade, KA and Was, CA and Weatherford, D and Wiseman, K and Zaksaite, T and Zuj, DV and Zwaan, RA, Registered Replication Report: Schooler and Engstler-Schooler (1990), Perspectives on Psychological Science, 9, (5) pp. 556-578. ISSN 1745-6916 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Sage Publications

DOI: doi:10.1177/1745691614545653

Abstract

Trying to remember something now typically improves your ability to remember it later. However, after watching a video of a simulated bank robbery, participants who verbally described the robber were 25% worse at identifying the robber in a lineup than were participants who instead listed U.S. states and capitals—this has been termed the "verbal overshadowing" effect (Schooler & Engstler-Schooler, 1990). More recent studies suggested that this effect might be substantially smaller than first reported. Given uncertainty about the effect size, the influence of this finding in the memory literature, and its practical importance for police procedures, we conducted two collections of preregistered direct replications (RRR1 and RRR2) that differed only in the order of the description task and a filler task. In RRR1, when the description task immediately followed the robbery, participants who provided a description were 4% less likely to select the robber than were those in the control condition. In RRR2, when the description was delayed by 20 min, they were 16% less likely to select the robber. These findings reveal a robust verbal overshadowing effect that is strongly influenced by the relative timing of the tasks. The discussion considers further implications of these replications for our understanding of verbal overshadowing

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:recognition memory, verbal overshadowing, eyewitness, lineup identification, replication
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Holt, G (Mrs Glenys Holt)
Author:Palmer, MA (Dr Matt Palmer)
Author:Rainsford, M (Ms Miriam Rainsford)
Author:Sauer, JD (Dr Jim Sauer)
Author:Zuj, DV (Mr Daniel Zuj)
ID Code:94792
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:28
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2014-09-17
Last Modified:2015-05-06
Downloads:0

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