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Explosion modeling and analysis of BP Deepwater Horizon accident

Citation

Dadashzadeh, M and Abbassi, R and Khan, F and Hawboldt, K, Explosion modeling and analysis of BP Deepwater Horizon accident, Safety Science, 57 pp. 150-160. ISSN 0925-7535 (2013) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2013.01.024

Abstract

The BP Deepwater Horizon blowout not only resulted in an oil release over several months but also caused an explosion topside which took 11 lives. The details of the causes of the accident and a computational fluid dynamics (CFDs) modeling of the dispersion of flammable gas was given in the BP investigation report ( BP, 2010). However, the explosion consequence was not studied in the BP report. In this study a CFD model was used to simulate the dispersion of flammable gas and integrated with the explosion consequences. The simulation includes modeling of the dispersion of the vapor cloud in the first section and modeling the resulting explosion based on the dispersion results. Through the modeling, it was determined that the overpressure in the engine room and in highly congested areas of the platform are 1.7 (bar) and 0.8 (bar), respectively. The model also identified overpressure regions on the platform and the effect of the area's congestion on overpressure intensity: lower overpressure in lower congested areas and higher overpressure in higher congested/confined areas. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Accident modeling; BP accident modeling; Explosion analysis; Explosion modeling; Risk assessment; CFD models; Computational fluid dynamics (CFDs); Deepwater horizons; Engine rooms; Flammable gas; Modeling and analysis; Overpressure; Vapor cloud
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime Engineering
Research Field:Ocean Engineering
Objective Division:Mineral Resources (excl. Energy Resources)
Objective Group:Environmentally Sustainable Mineral Resource Activities
Objective Field:Environmentally Sustainable Mineral Resource Activities not elsewhere classified
Author:Abbassi, R (Dr Rouzbeh Abbassi)
Author:Khan, F (Professor Faisal Khan)
ID Code:94544
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2014-09-11
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:0

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