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The role of strigolactones in photomorphogenesis of pea is limited to adventitious rooting


Urquhart, S and Foo, E and Reid, JB, The role of strigolactones in photomorphogenesis of pea is limited to adventitious rooting, Physiologia Plantarum, 153, (3) pp. 392-402. ISSN 0031-9317 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Scandinavian Plant Physiology Society

DOI: doi:10.1111/ppl.12246


The recently discovered group of plant hormones, the strigolactones, have been implicated in regulating photomorphogenesis. We examined this extensively in our strigolactone synthesis and response mutants and could find no evidence to support a major role for strigolactone signaling in classic seedling photomorphogenesis (e.g. elongation and leaf expansion) in pea (Pisum sativum), consistent with two recent independent reports in Arabidopsis. However, we did find a novel effect of strigolactones on adventitious rooting in darkness. Strigolactone-deficient mutants, Psccd8 and Psccd7, produced significantly fewer adventitious roots than comparable wild-type seedlings when grown in the dark, but not when grown in the light. This observation in dark-grown plants did not appear to be due to indirect effects of other factors (e.g. humidity) as the constitutively de-etiolated mutant, lip1, also displayed reduced rooting in the dark. This role for strigolactones did not involve the MAX2 F-Box strigolactone response pathway as Psmax2 f-box mutants did not show a reduction in adventitious rooting in the dark compared with wild-type plants. The auxin-deficient mutant bushy also reduced adventitious rooting in the dark, as did decapitation of wild-type plants. Rooting was restored by the application of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) to decapitated plants, suggesting a role for auxin in the rooting response. However, auxin measurements showed no accumulation of IAA in the epicotyls of wild-type plants compared with the strigolactone synthesis mutant Psccd8, suggesting that changes in the gross auxin level in the epicotyl are not mediating this response to strigolactone deficiency.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:photomorphogenesis, strigolactones, pea, adventitious roots
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Environmentally sustainable plant production
Objective Field:Environmentally sustainable plant production not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Urquhart, S (Ms Shelley Urquhart)
UTAS Author:Foo, E (Associate Professor Eloise Foo)
UTAS Author:Reid, JB (Professor Jim Reid)
ID Code:93907
Year Published:2014
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP140101709)
Web of Science® Times Cited:26
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2014-08-21
Last Modified:2017-11-02

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