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Multidecadal variations in the modulation of Alaska wintertime air temperature by the Madden-Julian Oscillation

Citation

Oliver, ECJ, Multidecadal variations in the modulation of Alaska wintertime air temperature by the Madden-Julian Oscillation, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 121, (1) pp. 1-11. ISSN 0177-798X (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Springer-Verlag Wien

DOI: doi:10.1007/s00704-014-1215-y

Abstract

The Madden–Julian Oscillation (MJO), the dominant mode of intraseasonal variability in the tropics, is known to influence extratropical air temperature in the Northern Hemisphere. In particular, it has been shown that intraseasonal variations in wintertime Alaska surface air temperature (SAT) is linked with variations in cross-shore surface wind and that this mechanism is driven by a train of Rossby waves originating in the tropics due to MJO forcing. We show, using long station records of Alaska SAT and an independent reconstruction of the MJO index over the twentieth century, that the MJO–SAT connection in Alaska has undergone significant multidecadal variability over the last century. The Pacific Decadal Oscillation appears to explain some of the observed multidecadal variability but fails to capture a large proportion of it. We identify four distinct periods between the years 1910 and 2000 that exhibit either a weak, moderate or strong MJO–SAT connection. The nature of our method ensures that the detected multidecadal variability is due to changes in the teleconnection mechanism and not due to changes in the strength of the MJO index. Finally, we speculate on the mechanism which may bring about such multidecadal variations in the teleconnection mechanism.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Madden-Julian Oscillation, Alaska, air temperature, Pacific Decadal Oscillation, teleconnection
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Atmospheric Sciences
Research Field:Climatology (excl. Climate Change Processes)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Variability (excl. Social Impacts)
Author:Oliver, ECJ (Dr Eric Oliver)
ID Code:93186
Year Published:2015 (online first 2014)
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-07-15
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:0

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