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Rapid bedrock uplift in the Antarctic Peninsula explained by viscoelastic response to recent ice unloading


Nield, GA and Barletta, VR and Bordoni, A and King, MA and Whitehouse, PL and Clarke, PJ and Domack, E and Scambos, TA and Berthier, E, Rapid bedrock uplift in the Antarctic Peninsula explained by viscoelastic response to recent ice unloading, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 397 pp. 32-41. ISSN 0012-821X (2014) [Refereed Article]


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Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.019


Since 1995 several ice shelves in the Northern Antarctic Peninsula have collapsed and triggered ice-mass unloading, invoking a solid Earth response that has been recorded at continuous GPS (cGPS) stations. A previous attempt to model the observation of rapid uplift following the 2002 breakup of Larsen B Ice Shelf was limited by incomplete knowledge of the pattern of ice unloading and possibly the assumption of an elastic-only mechanism. We make use of a new high resolution dataset of ice elevation change that captures ice-mass loss north of 66S to first show that non-linear uplift of the Palmer cGPS station since 2002 cannot be explained by elastic deformation alone. We apply a viscoelastic model with linear Maxwell rheology to predict uplift since 1995 and test the fit to the Palmer cGPS time series, finding a well constrained upper mantle viscosity but less sensitivity to lithospheric thickness. We further constrain the best fitting Earth model by including six cGPS stations deployed after 2009 (the LARISSA network), with vertical velocities in the range 1.7 to 14.9 mm/yr. This results in a best fitting Earth model with lithospheric thickness of 100140 km and upper mantle viscosity of 6 x 1017 - 2 x 1018 Pas much lower than previously suggested for this region. Combining the LARISSA time series with the Palmer cGPS time series offers a rare opportunity to study the time-evolution of the low-viscosity solid Earth response to a well-captured ice unloading event.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:glacial isostatic adjustment, Antarctic Peninsula, Larsen B, ice-mass loss, viscoelastic uplift, GPS, upper mantle viscosity
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geophysics
Research Field:Geodesy
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Effects of climate change on Antarctic and sub-Antarctic environments (excl. social impacts)
UTAS Author:King, MA (Professor Matt King)
ID Code:93179
Year Published:2014
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FT110100207)
Web of Science® Times Cited:93
Deposited By:Geography and Environmental Studies
Deposited On:2014-07-15
Last Modified:2017-10-24
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