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Visualization of seawater flow around morphologically distinct forms of the giant kelp Macrocystis integrifolia from wave-sheltered and exposed sites

Citation

Hurd, CL and Stevens, CL and Laval, BE and Lawrence, GA and Harrison, PJ, Visualization of seawater flow around morphologically distinct forms of the giant kelp Macrocystis integrifolia from wave-sheltered and exposed sites, Limnology and Oceanography, 42, (1) pp. 156-163. ISSN 0024-3590 (1997) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 1997 by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.4319/lo.1997.42.1.0156

Abstract

Our objective was to determine whether blades of Macrocystis integrifolia from a wave-sheltered site possess morphological features that "trip" velocity boundary layers (VBL) from laminar to turbulent in conditions of low water motion, compared to blades from a wave-exposed site. The movement of seawater around morphologically distinct blades of M. integrifolia from wave-sheltered and exposed sites was visualized in a recirculating flow tank in which seawater flow was initially laminar at velocities up to 8 cm s-1. Turbulent VBLs were observed for both blade morphologies at free-stream seawater velocities of 2 cm s-1, and at a Reynolds numbers of between 102 and 104, which is lower than that predicted from boundary layer theory. Flaw around blades from a wave-sheltered site was dominated by separation induced by large edge undulations. For the wave-exposed morphology, the flow pattern was similar to that along a smooth, flat plate, but the observed thickness of the VBL was up to a factor of 2 greater than that predicted from laminar or turbulent boundary layer theory. There were no obvious differences in how structural features such as marginal spines and bulbs affected seawater flow around the different blade morphologies.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:seaweed, hydrodynamics, flow visualisation
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant Biology
Research Field:Phycology (incl. Marine Grasses)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Author:Hurd, CL (Associate Professor Catriona Hurd)
ID Code:93162
Year Published:1997
Web of Science® Times Cited:32
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-07-14
Last Modified:2014-08-04
Downloads:271 View Download Statistics

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