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Water motion, marine macroalgal physiology, and production

Citation

Hurd, CL, Water motion, marine macroalgal physiology, and production, Journal of Phycology, 36, (3) pp. 453-472. ISSN 0022-3646 (2000) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2000 Wiley

DOI: doi:10.1046/j.1529-8817.2000.99139.x

Abstract

Water motion is a key determinant of marine macroalgal production, influencing directly or indirectly physiological rates and community structure. Our understanding of how marine macroalgae interact with their hydrodynamic environment has increased substantially over the past 20 years, due to the application of tools such as flow visualization to aquatic vegetation, and in situ measurements of seawater velocity and turbulence. This review considers how the hydrodynamic environment in which macroalgae grow influences their ability to acquire essential resources and how macroalgae might respond physiologically to fluctuations in their hydrodynamic regime with a focus on: (1) the biochemical processes occurring within the diffusion boundary layer (DBL) that might reduce rates of macroalgal production; (2) time scales over which measurements of velocity and DBL processes should be made, discussing the likelihood of in situ mass transfer limitation; (3) if and how macroalgal morphology influences resource acquisition in slow flows; and (4) ecobiomechanics and how hydrodynamic drag might influence resource acquisition and allocation. Finally, the concept that macroalgal production is enhanced in wave-exposed versus sheltered habitats is discussed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:seaweed, productivity, water motion, physiological ecology, hydrodynamics, biomechanics
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant Biology
Research Field:Phycology (incl. Marine Grasses)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Author:Hurd, CL (Associate Professor Catriona Hurd)
ID Code:93143
Year Published:2000
Web of Science® Times Cited:229
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-07-14
Last Modified:2014-08-04
Downloads:0

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