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Polyamines control of cation transport across plant membranes: implications for ion homeostasis and abiotic stress signaling


Pottosin, I and Shabala, S, Polyamines control of cation transport across plant membranes: implications for ion homeostasis and abiotic stress signaling, Frontiers in Plant Science, 5 Article 154. ISSN 1664-462X (2014) [Refereed Article]


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Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

DOI: doi:10.3389/fpls.2014.00154


Polyamines are unique polycationic metabolites, controlling a variety of vital functions in plants, including growth and stress responses. Over the last two decades a bulk of data was accumulated providing explicit evidence that polyamines play an essential role in regulating plant membrane transport. The most straightforward example is a blockage of the two major vacuolar cation channels, namely slow (SV) and fast (FV) activating ones, by the micromolar concentrations of polyamines. This effect is direct and fully reversible, with a potency descending in a sequence Spm4+ > Spd3+ > Put2+. On the contrary, effects of polyamines on the plasma membrane (PM) cation and K+-selective channels are hardly dependent on polyamine species, display a relatively low affinity, and are likely to be indirect. Polyamines also affect vacuolar and PM H+ pumps and Ca2+ pump of the PM. On the other hand, catabolization of polyamines generates H2O2 and other reactive oxygen species (ROS), including hydroxyl radicals. Export of polyamines to the apoplast and their oxidation there by available amine oxidases results in the induction of a novel ion conductance and confers Ca2+ influx across the PM. This mechanism, initially established for plant responses to pathogen attack (including a hypersensitive response), has been recently shown to mediate plant responses to a variety of abiotic stresses. In this review we summarize the effects of polyamines and their catabolites on cation transport in plants and discuss the implications of these effects for ion homeostasis, signaling, and plant adaptive responses to environment.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:oxidative stress, potassium, calcium, cytosolic calcium, ion channels, ion pumps, plasma membrane, polyamines, reactive oxygen species, stress, vacuole
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences
UTAS Author:Pottosin, I (Professor Igor Pottosin)
UTAS Author:Shabala, S (Professor Sergey Shabala)
ID Code:93064
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:120
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2014-07-09
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:412 View Download Statistics

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