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The genome of Eucalyptus grandis


Myburg, AA and Grattapaglia, D and Tuskan, GA and Hellsten, U and Hayes, RD and Grimwood, J and Jenkins, J and Lindquist, E and Tice, H and Bauer, D and Goodstein, DM and Dubchak, I and Poliakov, A and Mizrachi, E and Kullan, ARK and Hussey, SG and Pinard, D and van der Merwe, K and Singh, P and van Jaarsveld, I and Silva-Junior, OB and Togawa, RC and Pappas, MR and Faria, DA and Sansaloni, CP and Petroli, CD and Yang, X and Ranjan, P and Tschaplinski, TJ and Ye, C-Y and Li, T and Sterck, L and Vanneste, K and Murat, F and Soler, M and San Clemente, H and Saidi, N and Cassan-Wang, H and Dunand, C and Hefer, CA and Bornberg-Bauer, E and Kersting, AR and Vining, K and Amarasinghe, V and Ranik, M and Naithani, S and Elser, J and Boyd, AE and Liston, A and Spatafora, JW and Dharmwardhana, P and Raja, R and Sullivan, C and Romanel, E and Alves-Ferreira, M and Kulheim, C and Foley, W and Carocha, V and Paiva, J and Kudrna, D and Brommonschenkel, SH and Pasquali, G and Byrne, M and Rigault, P and Tibbits, J and Spokevicius, A and Jones, RC and Steane, DA and Vaillancourt, RE and Potts, BM and Joubert, F and Barry, K and Pappas Jr, GJ and Strauss, SH and Jaiswal, P and Grima-Pettenati, J and Salse, J and Van de Peer, Y and Rokhsar, DS and Schmutz, J, The genome of Eucalyptus grandis, Nature, 510, (7505) pp. 356-362. ISSN 0028-0836 (2014) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2014 Macmillan Publishers Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported licence (CC-BY-NC-SA 3.0)

DOI: doi:10.1038/nature13308


Eucalypts are the world’s most widely planted hardwood trees. Their outstanding diversity, adaptability and growth have made them a global renewable resource of fibre and energy. We sequenced and assembled >94% of the 640-megabase genome of Eucalyptus grandis. Of 36,376 predicted protein-coding genes, 34% occur in tandem duplications, the largest proportion thus far in plant genomes. Eucalyptus also shows the highest diversity of genes for specialized metabolites such as terpenes that act as chemical defence and provide unique pharmaceutical oils. Genome sequencing of the E. grandis sister species E. globulus and a set of inbred E. grandis tree genomes reveals dynamic genome evolution and hotspots of inbreeding depression. The E. grandis genome is the first reference for the eudicot order Myrtales and is placed here sister to the eurosids. This resource expands our understanding of the unique biology of large woody perennials and provides a powerful tool to accelerate comparative biology, breeding and biotechnology.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Eucalyptus genome, Eucalyptus grandis, Eucalyptus globulus, transposable elements, tandem duplications, terpenes, genome evolution, inbreeding depression, wood, breeding, biotechnology, secondary metabolism, phylogenomics
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Genetics
Research Field:Genome structure and regulation
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Forestry
Objective Field:Native forests
UTAS Author:Jones, RC (Dr Rebecca Jones)
UTAS Author:Steane, DA (Dr Dorothy Steane)
UTAS Author:Vaillancourt, RE (Professor Rene Vaillancourt)
UTAS Author:Potts, BM (Professor Brad Potts)
ID Code:92496
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:524
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2014-06-20
Last Modified:2017-11-01
Downloads:521 View Download Statistics

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