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Rule-and role-retreat: An empirical study of procedures and resilience

Citation

Bergstrom, J and Dahlstrom, N and van Winsen, R and Lutzhoft, M and Nyce, J and Dekker, S, Rule-and role-retreat: An empirical study of procedures and resilience, Journal of Maritime Research, 6, (1) pp. 75-90. ISSN 1697-9133 (2009) [Refereed Article]

Abstract

To manage complex and dynamic socio-technical systems places demands on teams to deal with a range of more and less foreseeable situations. Three groups of participants with different maritime experiences were studied using the same simulation of a ship to better understand the role of generic competencies (e.g. information management, communication and coordination, decision making, and effect control) play in such high-demand situations. Groups with moderate maritime experience were able to balance contextual knowledge with use of generic competencies to successfully manage unexpected and escalating situations. Novices, lacking contextual knowledge, performed less well. Groups with the most maritime expertise remained committed to presumed procedures and roles and did not perform as well as the other two groups. The results suggest that training to operate complex socio-technical systems safely and effectively should go beyond procedures and include development of generic competencies. This could provide operators with better tools to enhance organizational resilience in unexpected and escalating situations. © 2009. SEECMAR.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Emergency management; Procedures; Resilience; Simulation; Training
Research Division:Studies in Human Society
Research Group:Policy and Administration
Research Field:Policy and Administration not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Defence
Objective Group:Defence
Objective Field:Logistics
Author:Lutzhoft, M (Professor Margareta Lutzhoft)
ID Code:91854
Year Published:2009
Deposited By:Seafaring
Deposited On:2014-06-02
Last Modified:2014-06-02
Downloads:0

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