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Physical activity patterns and risk of depression in young adulthood: a 20-year cohort study since childhood


McKercher, C and Sanderson, K and Schmidt, MD and Otahal, P and Patton, GC and Dwyer, T and Venn, AJ, Physical activity patterns and risk of depression in young adulthood: a 20-year cohort study since childhood, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49, (11) pp. 1823-1834. ISSN 0933-7954 (2014) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2014 Springer Verlag

DOI: doi:10.1007/s00127-014-0863-7


Purpose Little is known about how physical activity patterns during childhood and adolescence are associated with risk of subsequent depression. We examined prospective and retrospective associations between leisure physical activity patterns from childhood to adulthood and risk of clinical depression in young adulthood. Methods Participants (759 males, 871 females) in a national survey, aged 9-15 years, were re-interviewed approximately 20 years later. Leisure physical activity was self-reported at baseline (1985) and follow-up (2004-2006). To bridge the interval between the two time-points, historical leisure activity from age 15 years to adulthood was self-reported retrospectively at follow-up. Physical activity was categorized into groups that, from a public health perspective, compared patterns that were least beneficial (persistently inactive) with those increasingly beneficial (decreasing, increasing and persistently active). Depression (major depressive or dysthymic disorder) was assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Results Compared with those persistently inactive, males who were increasingly and persistently active had a 69 and 65 % reduced risk of depression in adulthood, respectively (all p < 0.05). In retrospective analyses, females who were persistently active had a 51 % reduced risk of depression in adulthood (p = 0.01). Similar but non-significant trends were observed for leisure physical activity in females and historical leisure activity in males. Results excluded those with childhood onset of depression and were adjusted for various sociodemographic and health covariates. Conclusions Findings from both prospective and retrospective analyses indicate a beneficial effect of habitual discretionary physical activity since childhood on risk of depression in young adulthood. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Depression , Epidemiology, Physical activity, Population-based, Prospective
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Mental health
UTAS Author:McKercher, C (Dr Charlotte McKercher)
UTAS Author:Sanderson, K (Associate Professor Kristy Sanderson)
UTAS Author:Schmidt, MD (Dr Michael Schmidt)
UTAS Author:Otahal, P (Mr Petr Otahal)
UTAS Author:Venn, AJ (Professor Alison Venn)
ID Code:91753
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:34
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2014-05-29
Last Modified:2018-12-10
Downloads:14 View Download Statistics

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