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Seaweed Responses to Ocean Acidification

Citation

Roleda, MY and Hurd, CL, Seaweed Responses to Ocean Acidification, Seaweed Biology, Springer, C. Wiencke and K. Bischof (ed), Berlin, pp. unknown. ISBN 978-3-642-28450-2 (2012) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Springer-Verlag

DOI: doi:10.1007/978-3-642-28451-9_19

Abstract

Ocean acidification (OA) is the decline in seawater pH caused by the sustained absorption by the oceans of anthropogenically produced atmospheric CO2. The consequences of OA to seaweed-based coastal ecosystems range from organismal to community levels of biological organization. Organismal responses can be species specific, depending on their carbon physiology, mode of calcification, and morphology (functional form). At the community scale, changes in community structure and function can have severe consequences on trophic dynamics. Biologically driven fluctuations in seawater carbonate chemistry are observed from micro- (diffusion boundary layer, DBL) to mesoscales (e.g., within a kelp forest), and such fluctuations may be exacerbated by OA. The synergistic effects of elevated CO2 with other human-induced environmental stressors (e.g., warming, eutrophication, and UVR) could make the primary producers of coastal ecosystems vulnerable to global climate change; some species may perform better than others under "greenhouse" conditions, leading to community phase shifts.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:Ocean acidification, seaweed, climate change
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Ecological Applications
Research Field:Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
Author:Hurd, CL (Associate Professor Catriona Hurd)
ID Code:91457
Year Published:2012
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-05-20
Last Modified:2017-10-16
Downloads:0

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