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Bidecadal sea level modes in the North and South Atlantic Oceans

Citation

Vianna, ML and Menezes, V, Bidecadal sea level modes in the North and South Atlantic Oceans, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, (22) pp. 5926-5931. ISSN 0094-8276 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 American Geophysical Union

DOI: doi:10.1002/2013GL058162

Abstract

The relationship between the North and South Atlantic bidecadal sea level (SL) oscillations during the twentieth century is investigated for the first time using Simple Ocean Data Assimilation reanalysis. Complex empirical orthogonal function analysis of the bidecadal band gives two dominant modes: the first dominating from 1915 to 1965 and the second from 1970 onward. The long-term time-dependent change of mode dominance suggests a structural-type regime shift. The first mode is characterized by states with North and South Atlantic subtropical gyres in phase, while tropical and subpolar regions are in opposite phase relative to them. The second mode is characterized by the subpolar gyre and North subtropical gyre almost in quadrature, with North and South subtropical gyres out of phase. Thermal Rossby waves are very clear only in the second mode. These waves seem to be influenced by bottom topography. Known Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) sea level fingerprints and AMOC strength indices are discussed in the bidecadal oscillations context.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water
Objective Field:Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Marine Environments
Author:Menezes, V (Ms Viviane Menezes)
ID Code:91426
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:IMAS Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-05-19
Last Modified:2014-06-03
Downloads:0

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