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Frequency dependence of directional amplification at the cat's pinna

Citation

Calford, MB and Pettigrew, JD, Frequency dependence of directional amplification at the cat's pinna, Hearing Research, 14, (1) pp. 13-19. ISSN 0378-5955 (1984) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/0378-5955(84)90064-9

Abstract

We examined in detail the effects of changing stimulus frequency upon the inclination of their acoustical axis of the pinna and upon the solid angle (area) by isoamplification contours. We measured the relative sound pressure level difference between points on a 1 m radius, coordinate sphere using the cochlear microphonic as an indicator of tympanic sound pressure. The inclination of the acoustical axis for a given frequency was found to vary with the posture of the pinna, and with the pinna in a drooped position (following midline incision) there was a frequency spreading of axial positions such that high frequency axes were inclined progressively more laterally. However, with the pinna in an upright posture and axes for all frequencies tested were relatively tightly clustered. Alternative models for sound localization can be formulated to suit either situation, but it seems likely that the cat can use the frequency spreading effect of its pinna sound transformation as a cue to location. The pinna becomes more directional at higher frequencies, and this is clearly shown when the solid angle of isoamplification contours is plotted against frequency. The inverse relationship formed was shown to be closely matched by a model based upon diffraction by the outer dimension of the pinna.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:animal experiment; auditory system; cat; diagnosis; external ear; frequency analysis; nonhuman; sound detection; sound perception; Acoustics; Animal; Biophysics; Cats; Cochlear Microphonic Potentials; Ear, External; Ear, Middle
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Neurology and Neuromuscular Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
Author:Calford, MB (Professor Mike Calford)
ID Code:91250
Year Published:1984
Web of Science® Times Cited:66
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2014-05-13
Last Modified:2014-05-13
Downloads:0

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