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The influence of music on psychiatric patients' immediate attitude change toward therapists


Kahans, D and Calford, MB, The influence of music on psychiatric patients' immediate attitude change toward therapists, Journal of music therapy, 19, (3) pp. 179-187. ISSN 0022-2917 (1982) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1093/jmt/19.3.179


This study was undertaken to establish that in an audience situation, music may facilitate an immediate attitude change toward a therapist by patients. To determine the characteristics of such a change, recorded (popular and classical) and live (cello) music was employed. A semantic differential was used to measure attitude change by psychiatric inpatients and control subjects (medical students and student nurses). Significant attitude change were found when the music presented was the preference of the therapist and when this preference was conveyed to the audience. Patient breakdown into diagnostic categories also showed that patients with affective or alcoholic disorders showed significantly larger attitude change than the controls. Results are discussed in terms of cognitive consistency theories of attitude change, concluding that maximal attitude change toward a therapist occurs under conditions in which the therapist presents new aspects of behavior (in terms of previous exposure) to the patients.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:analysis of variance; article; attitude; human; human relation; music therapy; psychotherapy; Analysis of Variance; Attitude; Human; Music Therapy; Professional-Patient Relations; Psychotherapy
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Neurology and neuromuscular diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Calford, MB (Professor Mike Calford)
ID Code:91244
Year Published:1982
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Research Division
Deposited On:2014-05-13
Last Modified:2014-05-13

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