Arnott, N, An exploration of the barriers and facilitators of community access and social inclusion for disabled and socially-marginalised population groups, Proceedings of the Community and Primary Health Care Nursing Conference, 19-21 October 2012, Perth, Western Australia (2012) [Conference Extract]
This presentation will discuss the results of a review of research into the barriers and facilitators of community access, participation and inclusion for socially marginalised population groups. People residing in Pension-level Supported Residential Services in Victoria were used as a reference point for this review, recognising that the resident profile of such facilities shows a close correlation to various disability and marginalised cohorts that commonly reside in community-based settings across different national and international domains.
Baum (1999)1 described a new approach to public health, which emphasises social justice, self-determination, participation, and community capacity-building. Within this paradigm, social inclusion and community participation are recognised as important precursors to positive health and wellbeing, and there is now compelling empirical evidence to support this assertion.
Conversely, it is now widely accepted that poverty, inequality, social exclusion, low levels of communal and civic participation, substandard or inaccessible public health and leisure facilities, and poor access to affordable housing, transport and support services all impact negatively on health outcomes. It is also accepted that people with disabilities, mental ill-health or complex needs are more likely to experience, and be affected by, these factors.
This review synthesised data from 20 research papers, with the identified barriers and facilitators being summarised into four key themes: (1) person-specific factors; (2) societal factors; (3) physical, structural and environmental factors; and (4) service-system practice and process factors.
Through a discussion of these themes, this presentation aims to reorient our thinking and planning toward this important health determinant. Various ideas and strategies will be presented to inform and stimulate system and practice improvements that contribute to improved community access, inclusion and participation for socially-marginalised population groups.
|Item Type:||Conference Extract|
|Keywords:||community access, social inclusion, barriers & enablers|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Research Field:||Primary Health Care|
|Objective Group:||Health and Support Services|
|Objective Field:||Health Inequalities|
|Author:||Arnott, N (Mr Nick Arnott)|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences B|
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