eCite Digital Repository

Diabetic retinopathy is not associated with carbonic anhydrase gene polymorphisms


Abhary, S and Burdon, KP and Gupta, A and Petrovsky, N and Craig, JE, Diabetic retinopathy is not associated with carbonic anhydrase gene polymorphisms, Molecular Vision, 15 pp. 1179-1184. ISSN 1090-0535 (2009) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 Molecular Vision Licenced under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License 3.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Official URL:


PURPOSE: Carbonic anhydrase is elevated in the vitreous of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). This study aimed to determine if common polymorphisms in the carbonic anhydrase (CA) gene influence susceptibility to diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: In this multicentered study, a total of 235 control subjects with no DR, 158 subjects with nonproliferative DR (NPDR), 132 with proliferative DR (PDR), and 93 with clinically significant macular edema (CSME) were recruited. Blinding DR was defined as severe NPDR, PDR or CSME. DR subjects were drawn from both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) populations. Ten tag single nucleotide polymorphisms were selected to cover the majority of genetic diversity across the CA gene. RESULTS: After adjustments were made for sex, disease duration, and HbA(1)c, no associations were found between any CA polymorphisms or haplotypes with any type of retinopathy in T1DM or T2DM. CONCLUSIONS: Sequence variation in CA is not associated with the risk of developing retinopathy in T1DM or T2DM and increases the likelihood that elevated vitreous CA may be a consequence rather than cause of DR. Further genetic studies are required to have a better understanding of the pathogenesis of this debilitating diabetic complication.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Ophthalmology and optometry
Research Field:Ophthalmology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Burdon, KP (Professor Kathryn Burdon)
ID Code:91090
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2014-05-07
Last Modified:2014-08-12
Downloads:270 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page