Jellis, C and Wright, J and Kennedy, D and Sacre, J and Jenkins, C and Haluska, B and Martin, J and Fenwick, J and Marwick, TH, Association of imaging markers of myocardial fibrosis with metabolic and functional disturbances in early diabetic cardiomyopathy, Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, 4, (6) pp. 693-702. ISSN 1941-9651 (2011) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2011 American Heart Association
Methods and Results—Hemodynamic and metabolic data were measured in 67 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (age 60±10 years) with no cardiac symptoms. Myocardial function was evaluated with standard echocardiography and myocardial deformation; ischemia was excluded by exercise echocardiography. Calibrated integrated backscatter was calculated from parasternal long-axis views. T1 mapping was performed after contrast with a modified Look-Locker technique using saturation recovery images. Amino-terminal propeptides of procollagens type I and III, as well as the carboxy-terminal propeptide of procollagen type I, were assayed to determine collagen turnover. Subjects with abnormal early diastolic tissue velocity (Em) had shorter postcontrast T1 values (P=0.042) and higher calibrated integrated backscatter (P=0.007). They were heavier (P=0.003) and had worse exercise capacity (P<0.001), lower insulin sensitivity (P=0.003), and blunted systolic tissue velocity (P=0.05). Postcontrast T1 was associated with diastolic dysfunction (Em r=0.28, P=0.020; E/Em r=−0.24, P=0.049), impaired exercise capacity (r=0.30, P=0.016), central adiposity (r=−0.26, P=0.046), blood pressure (systolic r=−0.30, P=0.012; diastolic r=−0.49, P<0.001), and insulin sensitivity (r=0.30, P=0.037). The association of T1 with E/Em (β=−0.31, P=0.017) was independent of blood pressure and metabolic disturbance. Amino-terminal propeptide of procollagens type III was linked to diastolic dysfunction (Em r=−0.32, P=0.008) and calibrated integrated backscatter (r=0.30, P=0.015) but not T1 values.
Conclusions—The association between myocardial diastolic dysfunction, postcontrast T1 values, and metabolic disturbance supports that diffuse myocardial fibrosis is an underlying contributor to early diabetic cardiomyopathy.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||diabetic cardiomyopathies, fibrosis, magnetic resonance, diastolic dysfunction|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Group:||Cardiovascular medicine and haematology|
|Research Field:||Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Clinical health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Marwick, TH (Professor Tom Marwick)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||96|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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