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Impact of short-rotation Acacia hybrid plantations on soil properties of degraded lands in Central Vietnam


Dong, TL and Doyle, R and Beadle, CL and Corkrey, R and Quat, NX, Impact of short-rotation Acacia hybrid plantations on soil properties of degraded lands in Central Vietnam, Soil Research, 52, (3) pp. 271-281. ISSN 1838-675X (2014) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2014 CSIRO

DOI: doi:10.1071/SR13166


Acacia hybrid (A. mangium x A. auriculiformis) is the main species planted for short-rotation forestry in Vietnam. In this study, the effect of these plantations on some key properties of degraded gravelly soils in Central Vietnam was assessed. Soil samples were collected from second- or third-rotation plantations representative of five age classes (0.5-5 years old), and in adjacent abandoned lands as controls. Compared with abandoned land, stock of total soil carbon (C) was significantly higher at ages 0.5, 1.5, 2.5 and 5 years (18.4-19.5 v. 13.0Mgha-1), total nitrogen (N) at 0.5 and 1.5 years (1.5-1.7 v. 1.0Mgha-1), exchangeable calcium at 0.5, 1.5 and 2.5 years (215-294 v. 42Mgha-1), magnesium at 0.5, 1.5, 2.5 and 3.5 years (39-48 v. 19Mgha-1), and sodium at all ages (46-59 v. 5Mg ha-1). Electrical conductivity was significantly higher at all ages (58.5-69.4 v. 32.7 uS cm-1). Differences in extractable phosphorus and exchangeable potassium were not significantly different between plantations and abandoned land. Bulk density was significantly lower in plantations than abandoned land at all ages (1.36-1.42 v. 1.55Mgha-1), pHCaCl2 at 0.5 and 5 years (3.78-3.84 v. 3.98), and pHH2O at 5 years (4.30 v. 4.52). Because the soils were gravelly, differences in concentration of total C and nutrients between abandoned land and plantations were not the same as those for stocks after correction for gravel content and bulk density. Within a rotation, most soil properties did not change significantly with plantation age, although they appeared to decrease during the first 3 years; total C then recovered to initial levels, but total N and exchangeable cations remained lower. Some soil properties were strongly related to gravel content and elevation, but not to growth rate. We conclude that consecutive plantings of short-rotation Acacia hybrid on degraded and abandoned land can lead to changes in some soil properties.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:degraded land; gravelly soil; nitrogen fixation; nutrient stock; soil amelioration
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Soil sciences
Research Field:Land capability and soil productivity
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Soils
UTAS Author:Dong, TL (Mr Dong Tran)
UTAS Author:Doyle, R (Associate Professor Richard Doyle)
UTAS Author:Beadle, CL (Dr Christopher Beadle)
UTAS Author:Corkrey, R (Dr Ross Corkrey)
ID Code:90810
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:33
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2014-04-24
Last Modified:2022-09-01

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