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Clinical assessment of left ventricular systolic torsion: Effects of myocardial infarction and ischemia

Citation

Bansal, M and Leano, RL and Marwick, TH, Clinical assessment of left ventricular systolic torsion: Effects of myocardial infarction and ischemia, American Society of Echocardiography. Journal, 21, (8) pp. 887-894. ISSN 0894-7317 (2008) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2008 by the American Society of Echocardiography

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.echo.2008.01.011

Abstract

Background: The helical arrangement of myocardial fibers leads to left ventricular (LV) torsion, a vital contributor to systolic and diastolic function. Rotation and torsion can now be measured; we sought to determine the utility of torsion as a marker of LV function at rest and after stress in patients with myocardial infarctions (MIs) and ischemia. Methods: Dobutamine echocardiography was performed in 125 patients. After the exclusion of 40 patients with suboptimal images, LV systolic rotation and torsion were measured offline using speckle-tracking echocardiography in 44 patients with and 41 without prior MIs. Hemodynamic findings and the extent of infarction and ischemia were correlated with length-corrected torsion measurements at baseline and at peak-dose dobutamine. Results: Resting global and regional LV systolic torsion were significantly reduced in patients with compared with those without previous MIs (1.16 1.15/cm vs 3.16 1.3/cm, P < .001), and global systolic torsion was an independent correlate of LV ejection fraction (LVEF) (P = .04). There was no difference in global LV systolic torsion in patients with anteroapical or inferoposterior infarcts (1.81 1.13/cm vs 2.27 1.18/cm, P = NS) and no differences in regional torsion. Torsion was most impaired in patients with multiple areas of infarction (1.03 0.89/cm, P < .001). However, dobutamine-induced ischemia (2.59 1.14 ischemic segments) had no effect on global and regional systolic torsion at peak dose or change in torsion from rest to peak dose. Conclusions: The influence of MI on LV systolic torsion appears to be related to infarct size rather than site, and torsion was an independent determinant of resting function. LV torsion was not significantly influenced by stress-induced myocardial ischemia.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Coronary artery disease; Echocardiography; Left ventricular function; Torsion
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
Author:Marwick, TH (Professor Tom Marwick)
ID Code:90756
Year Published:2008
Web of Science® Times Cited:52
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2014-04-23
Last Modified:2014-12-15
Downloads:0

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