Harrison, M and Christie, K and Rawnsley, R and Eckard, R, Pasture management and livestock genotype interventions to improve whole farm productivity and reduce greenhouse gas emissions intensities, Livestock, Climate Change and Food Security 2014, 19-20 May 2014, Madrid, Spain (2014) [Conference Extract]
Total animal production of the baseline farm was 478 kg clean fleece weight plus liveweight (CFW+LWT)/ha.annum and ranged from 166 to 609 kg CFW+LWT/ha.annum for interventions that replaced existing pastures with annual ryegrass or increased soil fertility, respectively. Annual GHG emissions intensity of the baseline farm was 8.7 kg CO2-e/kg CFW+LWT and varied between 7.7 and 9.2 kg CO2-e/kg CFW+LWT for interventions that reduced maiden ewe joining age or increased sale liveweight, respectively. Stocking rate primarily governed production, and in many cases production drove emissions, so interventions that increased production did not always reduce emissions intensity. Indeed, replacing existing perennial ryegrass/subterranean clover pastures with perennial legume swards caused large reductions in both production and emissions, and interventions that increased soil fertility caused large increases in production and emissions; as a consequence both strategies had little effect on emissions intensity.
Stacking several beneficial interventions together further increased production and reduced emissions intensity relative to individual interventions alone. Baseline production increased by 61% by increasing soil fertility, improving feed-use efficiency and reducing the joining age of maiden ewes, while baseline emissions intensity was reduced by 17% by stacking together three similar interventions. We suggest that imposing several beneficial strategies on existing sheep farming systems simultaneously is more conducive to sustainable agricultural intensification compared with imposing any single intervention alone. The best strategies for both sustainably increasing production and reducing emissions intensity were those that decoupled the linkage between production and emissions, such as interventions that shifted the balance of the flock away from adults and towards juveniles while holding average annual stocking rates constant.
|Item Type:||Conference Extract|
|Keywords:||greenhouse gas, sheep, lamb, farm, production, meat, pasture, grass|
|Research Division:||Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences|
|Research Group:||Agriculture, Land and Farm Management|
|Research Field:||Agricultural Production Systems Simulation|
|Objective Group:||Atmosphere and Weather|
|Objective Field:||Atmospheric Composition (incl. Greenhouse Gas Inventory)|
|UTAS Author:||Harrison, M (Dr Matthew Harrison)|
|UTAS Author:||Christie, K (Miss Karen Christie)|
|UTAS Author:||Rawnsley, R (Dr Richard Rawnsley)|
|Deposited By:||Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture|
|Downloads:||2 View Download Statistics|
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