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Carbon footprint of milk production from dairy cows in Australia


Gollnow, S and Lundie, S and Moore, AD and McLaren, J and van Buuren, N and Stahle, P and Christie, K and Thylmann, D and Rehl, T, Carbon footprint of milk production from dairy cows in Australia, International Dairy Journal, 37, (1) pp. 31-38. ISSN 0958-6946 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.idairyj.2014.02.005


This paper explores the carbon footprint of milk produced by dairy cows in Australia and follows the common carbon footprint approach guidelines of the International Dairy Federation and the International Standard for Life Cycle Assessment. Primary data were collected and analysed from 139 farms representing the main dairy regions in Australia. The scope of the study covers all inputs and outputs from cradle to farm gate for the twelve month period from July 2009 to June 2010 (2009/2010). The carbon footprint of average Australian milk for 2009/2010 was calculated to be 1.11 kg carbon dioxide equivalents kg-1 fat and protein corrected milk. Differences in GHG emission per kg of milk produced could be traced back to differences in production practices. The feed conversion efficiency was identified as the most important driver for the reduction of enteric methane emissions. Reduction potentials were also identified for manure management practices.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:carbon footprint; Australian dairy industry; greenhouse gas emissions
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Animal production
Research Field:Animal production not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Mitigation of climate change
Objective Field:Management of greenhouse gas emissions from animal production
UTAS Author:Christie, K (Dr Karen Christie)
ID Code:90496
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:33
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2014-04-08
Last Modified:2022-09-01

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