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Hydration in older adults: The contribution of bioelectrical impedance analysis

Citation

Goldberg, LR and Heiss, CJ and Parsons, SD and Foley, AS and Mefferd, AS and Hollinger, D and Parham, DF and Patterson, J, Hydration in older adults: The contribution of bioelectrical impedance analysis, International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 16, (3) pp. 273-281. ISSN 1754-9507 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 The Speech Pathology Association of Australia Limited

DOI: doi:10.3109/17549507.2014.882989

Abstract

The sensory and gastrointestinal changes that occur with ageing affect older adults' food and liquid intake. Any decreased liquid intake increases the risk for dehydration. This increased dehydration risk is compounded in older adults with dysphagia. The availability of a non-invasive and easily administered way to document hydration levels in older adults is critical, particularly for adults in residential care. This pilot study investigated the contribution of bioelectrical impedance analysis to measure hydration in 19 older women in residential care: 13 who viewed themselves as healthy and six with dysphagia. Mann-Whitney U analyses documented no significant between-group differences for Total Body Water (TBW), Fat Free Mass (FFM), Fat Mass (FM), and percentage Body Fat (%BF). However, when compared to previously published data for age-matched women, the TBW and FFM values of the two participant groups were notably less, and FM and %BF values were notably greater than expected. If results are confirmed through continued investigation, such findings may suggest that long-term care facilities are unique environments in which all older residents can be considered at-risk for dehydration and support the use of BIA as a non-invasive tool to assess and monitor their hydration status.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:bioelectrical impedance analysis, dehydration, quality of life, residential facilities
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Other Medical and Health Sciences
Research Field:Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Health and Support Services
Objective Field:Allied Health Therapies (excl. Mental Health Services)
UTAS Author:Goldberg, LR (Associate Professor Lyn Goldberg)
ID Code:90076
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:Wicking Dementia Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2014-03-26
Last Modified:2017-11-02
Downloads:0

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