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'Bonds' or 'Calvin Klein' Down-under: Consumer ethnocentric and brand country origin effects towards men's underwear

Citation

Lee, WJ and Phau, I and Roy, R, 'Bonds' or 'Calvin Klein' Down-under: Consumer ethnocentric and brand country origin effects towards men's underwear, Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 17, (1) pp. 65-84. ISSN 1361-2026 (2013) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Emerald Group Publishing-"This article is (c) Emerald Group Publishing and permission has been granted for this version to appear here www.emeraldinsight.com Emerald does not grant permission for this article to be further copied/distributed or hosted elsewhere without the express permission from Emerald Group Publishing Limited."

DOI: doi:10.1108/13612021311305146

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine if high versus low ethnocentric consumers differ in their attitudes toward buying domestic and foreign brands of underwear that are made domestically or in foreign countries. Design/methodology/approach Australian residents recruited through a mall intercept participated in this study through a self-completed questionnaire. Fishbein's Multi-Attribute model was used as the measure, along with repeated-measures ANOVA and t-tests, to examine whether the groups differed in their attitudes toward buying underwear with "Made in Australia", "Made in the USA", and "Made in China" labels. Findings The findings generally indicated that there is no significant difference between high and low ethnocentric consumers in attitude towards underwear that are made in Australia and the USA. On the other hand, high ethnocentric consumers viewed domestically made and branded underwear as more durable, easier to care for, better priced, more colourful, more attractive, more fashionable, of stronger brand name, more appropriate for occasions, and more choices of styles. Domestically-made but foreign-branded underwear is viewed as easier to care for and better priced. Practical implications The study suggests that China should improve its country image as compared to such developed nations as Australia and the USA in terms of production and manufacturing standards. The study also purports that American underwear brands with strong presence in the global fashion world that have not already established operation in Australia can consider entering the market. Originality/value The paper fills the gap in the ethnocentrism literature by validating the study in Australia and focusing on the attitudes of high ethnocentric (and low ethnocentric) consumers. It also examines underwear, which is a common product category in apparels but inherently deficient in the literature.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Australia; Brands; Consumer behaviour; Country of origin; Domestic; Enthnocentrism; Foreign; Luxury
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Marketing
Research Field:Consumer-Oriented Product or Service Development
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Author:Lee, WJ (Mr Thomas Lee)
ID Code:89808
Year Published:2013
Deposited By:Management
Deposited On:2014-03-16
Last Modified:2014-05-12
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