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Spatial variability during gait initiation while dual tasking is increased in individuals with mild cognitive impairment

Citation

Boripuntakul, S and Lord, S and Brodie, M and Smith, ST and Methapatara, P and Wongpakaran, N and Sungkarat, S, Spatial variability during gait initiation while dual tasking is increased in individuals with mild cognitive impairment, The journal of nutrition, health and aging, 18, (3) pp. 307-312. ISSN 1279-7707 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Serdi and Springer-Verlag France

DOI: doi:10.1007/s12603-013-0390-3

Abstract

Background Gait initiation (GI) is a complex transition phase of gait that can induce postural instability. Gait impairment has been well documented in people with Alzheimer’s disease, but it is still inconclusive in individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). Previous studies have usually investigated gait performance of cognitive impaired persons under steady state walking. Objective This study aimed to examine spatiotemporal variability during GI under single- and dual-task conditions in people with and without MCI. Methods Spatiotemporal stepping characteristics and variability under single- and dual-task conditions (counting backwards by 3s) were assessed in 30 older adults with MCI and 30 cognitively intact controls. Mean and coefficients of variation (COV) of swing time, step time, step length and step width were compared between the two groups. Results Mixed-model repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant Group x Walking condition interaction for COV of step length and step width (P<0.05). Post-hoc analysis revealed that variability for these measures were significantly larger in the MCI group compared with the control group under the dualtask condition (P<0.05). Conclusions Step length and step width variability is increased in people with MCI during GI, particularly in a condition involving a secondary cognitive task. These findings suggest that individuals with MCI have reduced balance control when undertaking a challenging walking task such as gait initiation, and this is exacerbated with an added cognitive task. Future studies should prospectively investigate the relationship between GI variability and fall risk in this population.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Gait initiation, gait variability, dual-task, Mild Cognitive Impairment.
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Neurology and Neuromuscular Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Neurodegenerative Disorders Related to Ageing
Author:Smith, ST (Associate Professor Stuart Smith)
ID Code:89643
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:8
Deposited By:Health Sciences A
Deposited On:2014-03-11
Last Modified:2017-12-07
Downloads:0

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